Volume 4, Issue 1 (5-2017)                   jpm 2017, 4(1): 27-33 | Back to browse issues page

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Mdani A H, Aghamolaei T, Davoodi S H, Madani S, Safa P, Zaree F. Prevalence of Anabolic Steroids abuse and awareness of its effects in male athletes in Southern Iran. jpm. 2017; 4 (1) :27-33
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-233-en.html
Social Determinants on Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (867 Views)
Introduction: Considering the unconventional increase in the abuse of anabolic steroidsin men, especially in young athletes, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anabolic astroids abuse and awareness of its side effects among male athletes.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted on 277 men from 20 body building clubs in Bandar. To collect the data, a self care questionnaire was used. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and chi-squared test.
Results: The results showed that all of the subjects had the history of at least one kind of anabolic consumption, and 32% of them were currently consuming. The most commonly used anabolic steroids were diyanabol (25.2%), dorabolin and testestron (13.0%), stanazol (12.2%), anadrol, and oksinandral (8.9 %). The main reasons for using these drugs were the beauty of the body (43.5%), body strength (18.3%), and achieving the championship (16.8 percent). The most common side effects related to using the anabolic steroids were breast enlargement (48.9%), liver symptoms (48.6%), psychological disorders (38.8%), akne (37.7%), heart diseases (33.3%), sexual problems (31.9%), and urinary problems (23.6%). There was a significant relationship between age and anabolic steroids abuse (P-Value = 0.04).
Conclusion: The findings of this indicated that anabolic steroids abuse has increased and become a public health concern and the level of awareness of it, is not satisfactory and this requires the development of educational programs by health care and sport professionals.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 1901/12/14 | Accepted: 2017/02/18 | Published: 2017/08/23

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