Volume 4, Issue 1 (5-2017)                   3 2017, 4(1): 52-59 | Back to browse issues page


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Mdani A H, Aghamolaei T, Davoodi S H, Madani S, Safa P, Zaree F. Prevalence of Anabolic Steroids Abuse and Awareness of its Effects in Male Athletes in Southern Iran. 3. 2017; 4 (1) :52-59
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-233-en.html

Associate Professor of Epidemiology Social Determinants on Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (119 Views)
Introduction:The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anabolic steroids abuse and awareness of its side-effects among athletes, body builders
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 277 randomly selected males, referred to 20 body building club in Bandar Abbas, Iran. A self-administered questionnaire applied for related data gathering. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 19, descriptive and analytical analysis, and chi square test.
Results: Athletes’ mean age was 27.9(±7.9) years and most of them had education of university level (51.4%). In general, 44.4% of participants had used anabolic steroids at least one time and around 32 percent were current consumer
Conclusion: The most common anabolic steroids were diyanabol (25.2%), dorabolin and testestron (13.0%), stanazol (12.2%), anadrol and oksinandral (8.9 %). The main reasons for taking this medication were beautiful physique (43.5%), body power (18.3%) and achieve championship (16.8%). The most common side effects related to using the anabolic steroids that they declared were breast enlargement (48.9%), liver symptoms (48.6%), psychological disorders (38.8%), akne (37.7%), heart diseases (33.3%), sexual problems (31.9%) and urinary problems (23.6%). There was a significant relationship between athletes’ age and anabolic steroids abuse (p = 0.04). The findings of this indicating that anabolic steroids abusing seems to be increased and become a public health concern and the awareness of  it is not satisfied as well, that implies the need to implement educational programs by health care professionals and sport specialists.
Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (77 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/13 | Accepted: 2017/11/13 | Published: 2017/11/13

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