Volume 7, Issue 1 (5-2020)                   J Prevent Med 2020, 7(1): 23-13 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Mph Student, Addiction Prevention Management, Faculty of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
2- B.Sc, Public Health, Health Network, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, South Khorasan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1768 Views)
Introduction: Addiction is one of the most important social problems which is associated with many issues in the fields of medicine, psychiatry, family, employment, law, finance, and spirituality. The aim of this study was to determine high-risk behaviors related to substance use and associated factors in addicts of Imam Reza Hospital and Birjand health center.
Methods: This is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study. The study population was 400 addicts who referred to Imam Reza Hospital and Birjand health center, which were selected using census sampling method. The data were collected using a standardized questionnaire and analyzed using Ki-square test, Fisher's accurate test, and logistic regression in SPSS software.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 40.40±11.89 years and 78.3% of them were male. About 46.8% of the participants had a history of smoking before starting drug abuse. Opium and alcohol were the most and codeine was the least commonly consumed addictive substances. The average of the times with attempts to treat addiction was 2.43±2.92. The average time of being free from substance use was 5.31±5.08 months. The reason for re-addiction in 26.8% of cases was  family problems and in 18% of cases it was being with friends. The regression model showed the significant relationship only between marital status and use of shared injection equipments.
Conclusion: According to the findings of the study, there are many different factors and reasons resulting in addiction. It is possible to stop the addiction and high-risk behaviors of people by exploring and solving their social problems.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/10/19 | Accepted: 2020/01/30 | Published: 2020/02/29

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