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Volume 7, Issue 1 (5-2020)                   J Prevent Med 2020, 7(1): 62-53 | Back to browse issues page


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Abedini S M, Driss J, Tabibi R, Karimpour S. Risk assessment by MAPO and PTAI methods and the relationship with the prevalence of low back pain in nursing staff. J Prevent Med. 2020; 7 (1) :62-53
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-402-en.html
1- MSc, Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.
2- MSc, Occupational Health Engineering, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
3- Department of Health, Safety and Environmental Management, School of Health, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
4- MSc, Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran. 2. MSc, Occupational Health Engineering, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1263 Views)
Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of low back pain (LBP) among nurses and to provide solutions to control the LBP risk factors using MAPO and PTAI risk assessment methods.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 480 nurses working in public hospitals in Khuzestan Province who were selected using a stratified random sampling method. Data were collected through a questionnaire consisting of four sections, including the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire(NMQ), a demographic characteristic information form, and MAPO and PTAI checklists which were completed using field visits and observations. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 16 software.
Results: According to the results, 72.92% of the nurses were suffering from LBP. Based on the evaluations performed by the MAPO method, 16.66% of the respondents were at low-risk level, 60.41% at moderate-risk level, and 22.91% at high-risk level. However, the findings of the PTAI revealed that 23.95% of the respondents were at risk level I, 52.08% at risk level II, and 23.95% at risk level III. According to the Chi-square test results, there was a statistically significant relationship between risk levels of both MAPO and PTAI methods and LBP.
Conclusion: The results showed that an increase in the risk levels in both MAPO and PTAI methods, results in an increase in the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the lumbar region. Therefore, the accuracy and the appropriateness of these techniques are assured and it is concluded that both techniques are efficient and reliable to determine the musculoskeletal risk levels.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/15 | Accepted: 2020/11/30 | Published: 2020/11/30

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