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Volume 7, Issue 1 (5-2020)                   J Prevent Med 2020, 7(1): 52-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Banaei M, Shahrahmani N, Shahrahmani H, Rouzbeh N, Moradi S, Mobarak Abadi A. Prevalence and causes of maternal mortality during the years 2011-2017 in Hormozgan province. J Prevent Med. 2020; 7 (1) :52-44
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-399-en.html
1- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad, University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3- Student Research Committee, Department of Reproductive Health Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (1382 Views)
Introduction: Since the maternal death affects the family and society´s health, recognizing the causes and finding the preventive measures is essential in order to reduce this type of death. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and causes of mortality in pregnant women in Hormozgan province.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the study population was all pregnant mothers who died during the years 2011-2017. Data were collected from the records available at the hospitals and the health centers, the completed maternal death forms, and the interviews on maternal death. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire and the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics with SPSS software.
Results: The rate of maternal death in Hormozgan province during the study period was 32.76 cases per 100,000 live births and the frequency of maternal death was 100. The most common cause of death was postpartum hemorrhage. The majority of deceased mothers were 18-35 years old (73%), with pregnancy interval more than three years (80%), delivery times less than 5 (87%), rural residents (57%), and wanted pregnancy (86%). The type of delivery was the cesarean section in the majority of mothers who died (60%). In addition, 75% of the mothers were died in hospitals and specialists and midwives helped them to deliver (91%). The highest mortality rate was related to post-delivery period (65%).
Conclusion: In order to reduce the maternal mortality, it is recommended to provide high quality services to the villagers, promote the referral system, reduce the unnecessary cesarean sections, provide ambulance and hospital equipments, improve the level of knowledge and skills of staff, and follow up the mothers after delivery.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/11 | Accepted: 2020/02/22 | Published: 2021/02/21

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