Volume 3, Issue 2 (7-2016)                   jpm 2016, 3(2): 44-50 | Back to browse issues page

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Mosalanegad S Z, Alipour V, Montaseri M, Rezaei L. Environmental health and safety parameters status in marine vessels; Qshm-Bandar Abbas route. jpm. 2016; 3 (2) :44-50
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-175-en.html
Abstract:   (1934 Views)
Introduction: Marine vessels are a kind of public transport system which should meet the standards of environmental health; and because of floating in the sea, they need to adhere to the safety standards as well. Qeshm Island is a free trade zone, and for this reason, the Qeshm to Bandar Abbas, is one of the maritime traffic routes in Hormozgan. Due to the large number of travel and given the importance of passenger's health, as well as the records related to the accidents leading to the death on this route, this study conducted to evaluate the indicators related to environmental health and safety of marine vessels in Qeshm-Bandar Abbas route. Methods: In this cross-sectional study to assess the environmental health and safetyof 31 float vessels in Bandar Abbas-Qshm route, a self-made questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was classified in 4 parts and contaied 59 questions; 8 questions about vessel profile, 4 questions for the crew and the captain profile, 37 questions for environmental health and 22 questions for vessel safety assessment. In order to complete the questionnaires, after obtaining a license, the captain and crew were interviewed at the beginning and the questionnaire was completed through observation. The data obtained from the questionnaires entered to SPSS software and analyzed. Results: The average number of crew was 8 and the mean of perators age was 39 years. Most captains had a high school diploma. All vessels floor was washable and in 83.8% of cases they were washed daily. In 93.5% of cases suitablbe toilets were available. In 74% of cases, the daily cleaning of bathrooms was performed and the rest cleaned the bathrooms once or twice a week. In the most cases, the standards of marine safety had been respected. In two cases, communication systems and Revolving lights standards had been met respectively 90.3 and 96.8 percent. In two cases, life jacket delivery standard had not been respected at all. Conclusion: Overally, the safety level of vessels was estimated as favorable. Since there is no relationship between captain education, captain age, and the number of crew and vessel environmental health quality, to improve the environmental health level of the vessels, the sanitary equipment such as the type and number of bathrooms, waste storage containers, and sewage treatment systems should be improved.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/13 | Accepted: 2017/03/13 | Published: 2017/03/13

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