Volume 6, Issue 1 (8-2019)                   jpm 2019, 6(1): 70-62 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadi A, Abedini S. Factors influencing self-medication in parents of 1-8 year old children referred to Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas. jpm. 2019; 6 (1) :70-62
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-338-en.html
1- BSc Student, Public Health, Student Research Committee, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Department of Health Promotion and Education, Social Determinants on Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (167 Views)
Introduction: self-medication is a socioeconomic health problem in different communities. In this regard, there is a need for special attention to self-medication in parents especially those taking care of children. Therefore, the present research aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication in the parents of 1-8 year old children reffered to Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas.
Methods: The present descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 200 parents of 1-8 year old children reffered to Shahid Mohammadi hospital in Bandar Abbas. Participants were selected using simple randomized sampling method. Data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that its validity and reliability were measured. Data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The results showed that 64% of parents had committed self-medication to their child. The most important causes of self-medication were easy drug supply from pharmacies with no prescription (71.5%), availability of medications at home or by relatives(65.5%), and previous experience of the disease (5305%). The most prevalent drugs taken were cold pills (99.5%), sedatives (97.5%), and antibiotics (52.5%). Statistically significant correlations were found between the prevalence of self-medication and Parents’ education (p-value<0.001), insurance type (p-value=0.013), and the number of children (p-value<0.001).
Conclusion: Since in the present research a high percentage of parents had tried self-medications for their children, it is essential to conduct educational programes to teach them the logical consumption of drugs and make them aware of the adverse effects of drugs.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/08/13 | Accepted: 2019/08/13 | Published: 2019/08/13

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