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Volume 9, Issue 3 (Autumn 2022)                   J Prevent Med 2022, 9(3): 292-301 | Back to browse issues page

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Fathi Najafi T, Najafi Fathi M, Dashti S, Farnoosh E. Comparative Study of The Fetal Rights in National and International Laws: A Narrative Review Paper. J Prevent Med 2022; 9 (3) :292-301
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-630-en.html
1- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University , Mashhad, Iran.
3- Department of Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (1074 Views)
Objective Fetal rights are important in terms of being human being and being potential. The nature of these rights has received less attention from families and medical staff in Iran. The present study aims to compare the legal aspects of fetal rights from conception to birth in national and international laws.
In this narrative review study, a search was conducted in Google Scholar MagIran, SID, and PubMed databases for related studies conducted from 2000 to 2022. 
Methods Keywords including fetal dignity, Fetal right, mother dignity, and childbirth rights were used in Persian and English. All articles that addressed the status of “fetal rights” were included. Those reported the laws for the fetus were excluded from the study.
Results Out of 1570 articles, 15 eligible articles were selected. Lack of awareness of fetal rights in developing counties and limitations in some legal basis resulted in intentional abortions, unnecessary labor induction, request for cesarean section by the mother or father, and lack of attention to the existence and health of the fetus and unwanted harms to it. Fetal rights based on the principle of dignity and the preservation of physical, mental and human existence were of special importance in developed countries and have important laws.
Conclusion Lack if a fetal's dignity law in Iran can impose harms on the society, in addition to numerous physical and psychological harms to the fetus.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Midwifery
Received: 2022/05/16 | Accepted: 2022/08/27 | Published: 2022/10/2

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