Volume 5, Issue 2 (12-2018)                   jpm 2018, 5(2): 35-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Noroozian F, Ramezankhani A, Zarei F, Madani A. The effectiveness of an educational intervention on knowledge and practice of female students in high schools about Osteoporosis, in Bandar Abbas, Iran.. jpm. 2018; 5 (2) :35-28
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-305-en.html
1- Public Health Department, Health Research Center, Health Factors, School of Public Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2- Professor of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Iran.
3- MSc, Microbiology, Research Center for Social Factors in Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
4- Department of Epidemiology, Research Center for Social Factors in Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (1033 Views)
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder that occurs more often in the elderly, and its obvious characteristic is the reduction of bone strength which poses the person at the risk of fracture. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention on knowledge and practice of high school girls in Bandar Abbas regarding osteoporosis.
Methods: A semi-experimental study was conducted on a sample of 419 high school students in Bandar Abbas, Iran, wich were selected using a randomized cluster sampling and assigned to intervention and control groups.  The data collection tool was a questionnaire. Data were entered into SPSS version 19 software and analyzed using descriptive statistics and T-test and paired T-test.
Results: The differtence between the mean scores of knowledge and practice in intervention and control groups was not significant before the educational intervention. In the intervention group, the mean score of knowledge and practice increased significantly (p-value= 0.001) after the intervention. The mean of the practice score of the intervention group increased significantly from 22.2 in the pre-intervention to 29.79 in the post-intervention stage (p-value = 0.028).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the administered educational intervention has been effective in promoting the level of knowledge and practice of high school female students towards osteoporosis. Therefore, planning and implementation of this educational model in the target population can be effective for prevention of the diseases at an advanced age.
Keywords: Knowledge, Practice, Osteoporosis, School students, Bandar Abbas.
Full-Text [PDF 180 kb]   (274 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/04/13 | Accepted: 2019/04/13 | Published: 2019/04/13

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