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Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2022)                   J Prevent Med 2022, 9(2): 156-167 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.HUMS.REC.1397.168


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Gholamreza Zadeh S, Shekoohiyan S, Fallahi S, Ghaffari H, Ghanbarnejad A. Relationship Between Hookah Use and Male Infertility in Bandar Abbas City in 2018. J Prevent Med 2022; 9 (2) :156-167
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-579-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
4- Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (173 Views)
Objective Infertility is affected by various factors. The hookah use can aggravate this problem. This study aims to determine the effect of hookah use on male infertility.
Methods This is a cross-sectional study on 40 men with hookah use and 40 non-users who referred to Imam Reza Hospital in Bandar Abbas, Iran in 2019. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire, and semen parameters were analyzed. Independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-square test were used to assess the relationship of hookah use with infertility-related parameters in abnormal and normal sperms of the two groups.
Results There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of demographic parameters; hookah use was more in young and employed men with academic education. Means of sperm count,  motile sperm, sperms with progressive sperm motility, inactive sperms with progressive motility, and normal-shape sperms in the hookah users were 22±12, 35±10, 6±3, 21±6, 34±8 %, respectively, which were significantly lower than in non-users.
Conclusion Given the adverse effects of hookah use on male fertility, health managers should increase the awareness of people about its effects.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: general Hygiene
Received: 2021/12/18 | Accepted: 2022/09/1 | Published: 2022/09/1

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