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Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2023)                   J Prevent Med 2023, 10(2): 194-205 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 4000111
Ethics code: IR.HUMS.REC.1401.004

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Akbarian N, Aghamolaei T, Bushehri E, Madani A. Attitudes of married women aged 15-49 years in Hormozgan province, Iran towards childbearing: A qualitative study. J Prevent Med 2023; 10 (2) :194-205
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-683-en.html
1- Department of Health Education, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences,Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Research Institute for Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
3- Medical Education Development Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
4- Department of Public Health, Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Research Institute for Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (724 Views)
Objective The fertility rate in Iran is alarmingly low. Several factors influence the childbearing behaviors of women. This study aims to survey the attitudes of women aged 15-49 years towards childbearing in Hormozgan province, Iran to identify the factors affecting their childbearing behaviors
Methods This is a qualitative study using a conventional content analysis method. Participants were 16 married women living in the west of Hormozgan province who were selected voluntarily and with maximum diversity. To ensure the acceptability of the data, the feedback of the participants was used. Data validity was determined by the opinions of a panel of experts.
Results Based on the results of the content analysis, two themes (concept of childbearing, barriers to childbearing), two sub-themes (internal, external), 7 main categories (positive mentality, negative mentality, identity, adequacy, economic, security/social, support), and 10 sub-categories (emotion-oriented mentality, benefit-oriented mentality, women, family, individual, professional, family-related, policy-making) were extracted.
Conclusion The decline in women's values and beliefs towards childbearing and the inappropriate conditions of society in terms of security, well-being, and support policies are among the most important causes of low fertility in Hormozgan, which requires careful evaluation and the adoption of facilitating policies and strategies to improve their childbearing behaviors. The results of the interviews indicated the necessity of modeling women who are successful mothers in addition to their social activities. Solutions based on conditions and identity based solutions are proposed.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2022/12/28 | Accepted: 2023/05/22 | Published: 2023/09/1

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