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Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2022)                   J Prevent Med 2022, 9(2): 168-181 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 036. 1400IR.IAU.TABRIZ.REC.

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Khazaeian S, Fathnezhad-Kazemi A. Perceived Stress and its Predictors in Pregnant Women With Gestational Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Prevent Med 2022; 9 (2) :168-181
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-576-en.html
1- Department of Midwifery, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
2- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz Branch of Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
Abstract:   (231 Views)
Objective The stress and anxiety following high-risk pregnancies can lead to adverse perinatal outcomes. Identifying effective predictors is one of the most important aspects of preventive measures. This study aims to determine the perceived stress and its predictors in pregnant women with gestational hypertension.
Methods This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in 2021 on 100 pregnant women with gestational hypertension in Tabriz, Iran. Sampling was done by a convenience method.  Data were collected using a demographic-obstetric form, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Data analysis was performed in SPSS v. 22 software using statistical tests such as Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, and multivariate linear regression analysis. P<0.05 was statistically significant.
Results The mean of age and number of pregnancies were 28.67±4.38 years and 2.30±0.822, respectively. Maternal education, infant gender, previous pregnancy problems (P<0.001), number of pregnancies (P= 0.037), and perceived social support (P=0.002) were the predictors of perceived stress. Among these variables, experience of problems in previous pregnancies (β=0.300) and perceived social support (β=-0.273) had the highest impact on perceived stress. Perceived social support had indirect effect on the perceived stress of women.
Conclusion Due to the high perceived stress in pregnant women with hypertension, it is necessary to pay attention to appropriate sources to provide social supports to them. In addition, it seems logical to use adaptive coping strategies against pregnancy problems to reduce their stress.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Midwifery
Received: 2021/12/12 | Accepted: 2022/09/1 | Published: 2022/09/1

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