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Volume 9, Issue 2 (Summer 2022)                   J Prevent Med 2022, 9(2): 102-115 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 99s24
Ethics code: IR.AJUMS.REC.1399.278

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Jokar A, Sharififard M, Jahanifard E. Prevalence of Human Myiasis and its Epidemiological Aspects in Iran From 2013 To 2020: A Review Study. J Prevent Med 2022; 9 (2) :102-115
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-552-en.html
1- Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (167 Views)
Objective Myiasis is caused by the invasion of eggs and larvae of some flies into living or dead tissues of the host. This study aims to determine the prevalence of human myiasis and its epidemiological aspects in Iran during 2013-2020.
Methods This is a review study. A search was conducted in Google Scholar, Scopus, Scimago, PubMed, IranMedex, MagIran and ISC databases using the MeSH keywords for all studies reported the human myiasis cases in Iran during 2013-2020.
Results A total of 26 human myiasis cases were reported in Iran from 2013 to 2020. The most cases were reported in 2015 (n=5, 26.9%). Most of patients were at the age group >60 years (n=10, 38.5%); 50 %of patients were male and 50% were female; 88.5% lived in urban areas and 11.5% in rural areas. Oral myiasis (n=6, 23.1%) followed by ophtalmomyiasis and intestinal myiasis each with 5 cases (19.2%) were the most common types. The reported species were Megaselia scalaris, Sarchophaga Fertoni, oestrus ovis, Lucilia sericata, Chrysomia bezziana, Eristalis tenax, Lucilia illustris, Calliphora vicina, Sarchophaga argyrostoma, and two unidentified species from the Psychoda sp. and Sarcophaga sp. The species Lucilia sericata with 7 cases (26.9%) and Chrysomia bezziana with 5 cases (19.2%) were the most common species. The mean number of larvae removed from the patients was 21.5±5.4.
Conclusion  Human myiasis is an infectious disease. Therefore, it requires health interventions in the form of increasing public awareness to prevent the disease prevalence.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Medical Entomology
Received: 2021/09/12 | Accepted: 2022/09/1 | Published: 2022/09/1

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