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Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2023)                   J Prevent Med 2023, 10(1): 48-59 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 140026
Ethics code: IRSBMU.PHNS.REC.1400.026

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Hatami H, Akbari H, Fereidoni M. Epidemiological, Clinical and Paraclinical Evaluation of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Cases in Aran va Bidgol City, Isfahan, Iran During 2018-2020. J Prevent Med 2023; 10 (1) :48-59
URL: http://jpm.hums.ac.ir/article-1-618-en.html
1- Department of Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
3- Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (596 Views)
Objective This study aims to determine the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniosis (CL) in Aran va Bidgol city in Isfahan, Iran.
Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 1020 patients with CL referred to the leishmaniosis treatment centers in Aran va Bidgol city during 2018-2020 who had complete records in these centers and their smear test was positive for CL.
Results Of 1020 patients, 60.6% were male. Their mean age was 34.5 years and 94.1% of them were Iranian. The CL was more common among housewives (24.5%) and 43.6% of patients had a history of travel to other cities. Moreover, 10.1% reported more than 6 ulcers. The ulcer size was less than 3 cm in 74.4% of patients. There was a statistically significant relationship between the age of patients and the location of the lesions (P<0.01). The ulcer size had a statistically significant relationship with the patients’ sex, occupation, place of residence, and age (P<0.001).
Conclusion The prevalence of CL in Aran va Bidgol city is high among young men living in rural areas and among workers and farmers. By providing the necessary education about this disease and improving the community and environmental health, the incidence of CL can be reduced.
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2022/04/8 | Accepted: 2022/11/12 | Published: 2023/07/1

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